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Average living cost in Poland

I realise that you can go straight to Numbeo to check out the average living cost in Poland. 

However, I thought it’d be helpful to share some information about the cost of living in my city – Gdańsk – and compare my findings with those on numbeo.com.

According to Numbeo, Gdańsk has the fourth highest cost of living index in Poland (as of December 11, 2023):

average living cost in Polish cities
Cost of living in major Polish cities (as of December 11, 2023)

The fact that Gdańsk is ranked in fourth place is quite surprising because Gdańsk and Warsaw tended to have the highest cost of living indexes in the years 2020-2022. As you can see, the cost of living plus rent index in Gdańsk is very similar to that of Warsaw’s.


How are the cost of living indices calculated on Numbeo? 

All of the cost of living indices on numbeo are relative to New York City. Therefore, indices for New York City stand at 100%.

In the table in the previous section, Gdańsk has a rent index of 18.2. This means that, on average, rents in Gdańsk are around 82% less expensive than in New York City. 

The main cost of living index is a relative indicator of consumer goods prices, including groceries, restaurants, transportation and utilities.


The cost of living index in Poland

I’ve never considered Poland to be an expensive country to live in. Indeed, I’ve even written about what is cheap in Poland compared with other EU countries, Serbia (where I lived for four years) and the UK.

Numbeo confirms that Poland is 71st in the world regarding the cost of living index:

cost of living index in Poland compared with other countries
The cost of living in Poland compared with other countries (mid-2023)

The second column of figures represents the rent index. 

I’ll now break down the cost of living index in Gdańsk, analysing areas as diverse as apartment prices, average rents per month, eating out, supermarket shopping, transportation, monthly utilities and private healthcare.

I’ll refer to some of my own experience rather than solely relying on average cost of living figures on Numbeo.

Finally, I’ll compare the cost of living in Gdańsk with average living costs in Kraków.


Real estate

Are you planning to purchase an apartment in Poland and settle down here? 

Perhaps you’re an expat who’s been offered a job and you’re looking to rent an apartment in Poland

Let’s check out the current state of play on the property market in Gdańsk.

Purchasing real estate in Gdańsk

As of December 2023, it’s my impression that it’s getting more and more difficult to buy a flat constructed after the year 2011 in Gdańsk for less than 13,000 zl per square metre. Anything under this price tends to be located more on the outskirts of the city in districts such as Jasień or Orunia Górna. Jasień is not a bad place to live in at all. It seems to be very family-oriented, green and peaceful.

I’ve just run a search on Poland’s leading property portal otodom for properties in Gdańsk which cost between 8,000 zl and 10,000 zl per square metre. I set the earliest year of construction to 2011 and latest year of construction to 2023.

Only 77 results came up.

For less than 10,000 zl, it’s possible to buy a flat from a developer with construction still in progress. However, this only applies to those districts further away from the Main Town and Wrzeszcz.

The fact remains that property prices in Gdańsk have gone berserk.

According to current market trends, I believe that the price of my flat, which I bought in April 2019, has increased by some 3,000-3,500 zl per square metre. 

Comparing real estate prices in Gdańsk and Kraków

Just so you can compare the situation in Gdańsk with another major Polish city, this is the current state of play regarding property prices both in and outside the city centre in Kraków and Gdańsk:

comparing apartment prices in Gdansk and Krakow
Average prices of apartments in Gdańsk and Kraków (as of December 11, 2023)

Comparing rental prices in Gdańsk and Kraków

When it comes to renting out an apartment, you’ll have to be prepared to pay at least 2,500-2,700 zl for a one-bedroom flat in Gdańsk that’s not right on the outskirts of the city or in an old communist block of flats.

Anyway, this is the current situation in Kraków and Gdańsk:

Monthly rental costs in Gdansk and Krakow, Poland
Average cost of rent in Kraków and Gdańsk (as of December 11, 2023)

Monthly utility bills

That old friend – czynsz administracyjny

I have previously written about the communal fees you have to pay as a landlord or tenant.

Called czynsz administracyjny, the communal fees bill covers such wonders as electricity (inside buildings), the renovation fund, waste disposal, lift maintenance, cold water and canalisation and the maintenance of green spaces.

Back in April 2019, I was quite surprised when the previous owner showed me one of the czynsz administracyjny bills. I had expected the monthly total to be around 650-700PLN. In fact, the total with a couple of parking spaces and storage unit (komórka lokatorska) in the underground garage was around 540 zl. 

Now, some four and a half years down the line, I pay 882 zl. It’s a 75 m2 flat so I suppose I shouldn’t grumble.

It’s also worth mentioning that water and heating rates tend to be set at an average rate by housing associations. However, if you consume more than these average rates, you’ll have to pay extra.

Overall, I’m generally satisfied with the condition of the building I live in. Moreover, the underground garage and green spaces around the building are always clean and well-maintained.

Internet deals in Poland

It doesn’t cost an arm and a leg to have high-speed fibre-optic Internet in Poland.

I’m with Play (previously UPC) and pay 62.99 zl a month for a speed of up to 950 Mb/s. 

Frankly, I don’t know what a megabyte is, but the number looks pretty high.

My current package does not come with any Polish TV channels.


My electricity bill arrives every two months.

My bill for the period from 26 July, 2023, to 25 September, 2023, amounted to 244.50 zl for 241 kWh of electricity use.

My wife and I were absent for around 20 days in that period.


Grocery shopping in Poland

Food prices in supermarkets in Poland are comparable to prices in other EU countries.

Here are the average prices of typical staple products in markets in Kraków and Gdańsk:

comparing food prices in Gdańsk and Kraków
Comparing food prices in supermarkets in Gdańsk and Kraków

I do like eating citrus fruits, and certain stone fruits, such as mangoes. However, many of these fruit varieties are really expensive in Poland. 

Finally, there are certain products, such as avocados, which are luxury items in Poland. I think your Average Joe could only afford to eat them a few times per month. 


Restaurants and cafes in Polish cities

In general, it’s not expensive to eat out and have a coffee in Poland.

If you wish to go to a reputable pizza restaurant, indulge yourself in Polish cuisine or visit a pierogarnia (dumpling restaurant) two or three times a month, your wallet won’t take a hit.

Comparing prices of eating out in Gdańsk and Kraków
Comparing prices in restaurants in Gdańsk and Kraków

One of my favourite places to eat out in Gdańsk is the dumpling restaurant Pierogarnia Mandu.

Mandu’s menu confirms that you can eat out well in Gdańsk for around 35 zl (€8).


Car ownership and public transport in major Polish cities

In major Polish cities, it’s not expensive to buy a monthly pass to travel on public transport.

This is the current situation in Gdańsk:

monthly fees for public transport in Gdansk

Since April 3, 2023, it has cost 107 zł for a monthly pass valid on all days of the week. A monthly ticket enables one to travel on regular, fast and night bus and tram routes within Gdańsk city limits. 

I’ve just taken a look at the price per thirty-day period in other major Polish cities, namely Warsaw, Kraków, Łódź, Poznań and Wrocław. Gdańsk is among the cheapest cities when it comes to monthly travel. Remarkably, public transport in Warsaw is cheaper than in any other city. 

I do pay 117 zł for a monthly pass in Gdańsk. It’s a lot less hassle to take a tram into town than it is to sit in traffic jams and drive around looking for a parking spot.

When it comes to driving a car, a litre of petrol in Gdańsk costs around 6.55 zl (€1.50). Diesel costs roughly 6.76 zl as of December 12, 2023.

Overall, I believe that the average living cost in Poland becomes much lower if you’re prepared to rely on public transport.



My wife and I currently have access to public medical services offered by the National Health Fund (Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia; NFZ).

Nevertheless, I have some experience with searching for prices for private healthcare packages.

Back in 2020, I was in contact with an agent working for Medicover

The package he was determinedly trying to flog me for several weeks was Elite +. The Elite Plus package offers comprehensive outpatient care, unlimited home visits, hospital treatment and medical care overseas.

The price I was quoted for my wife and me – 653 zl per month.

I don’t doubt that the package is “fully comprehensive”, but I can’t afford that sort of money. 

So, my wife and I rely on emergency treatment provided by the NFZ. Moreover, we visit private specialists when we need to. Most specialists in Gdańsk charge around 150-200 zl for a consultation, which is very reasonable.

My wife and I don’t hang out in medical clinics all that much. However, we may look into purchasing a cheaper basic medical package one day which provides assistance in emergency situations, outpatient procedures and consultations with doctors.

The screenshot below summarises Medicover’s Standard + package, with the annual fee for two adults – quite fair I believe:

Medicover standarrd+ package

Salaries and adding things up

Let’s just recap. Our imaginary couple are renting out a 45m2 flat in a newly-built block of flats in Gdańsk. They are childless, mostly rely on public transport but still run a car.

I will now add things up so you can get a better sense of the average living cost in a major Polish city:

  • Rent – 2800 zł
  • communal fees, electricity and Internet – 700 zł
  • Groceries – 900 zł
  • Restaurants and cafes – 270 zł
  • Monthly transportation tickets – 234 zł
  • Petrol – 270 zł
  • Basic private healthcare package – 190 zł (for two)

TOTAL = 5360 zł

Of course, you would need to add the cost of cosmetics and other leisure activities to the above.

According to numbeo, the average monthly net salary (after tax) in Gdańsk is 6,025.89 zl. 

Therefore, I may conclude that most couples (with or without children) might struggle to keep up with the average living cost in major Polish cities if only one person works.


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